From the time we are babies to the time we are 60 our skin changes. Skin goes from being soft, smooth and wrinkle free to skin that perhaps shows fine lines, wrinkles, or dark spots in certain areas. For the next couple of months we’re going to be talking about skin aging in our blog – providing information on what happens at each decade, how wrinkles develop, and tricks of how to stop the clock.
For the first of our series, we want to present some important facts about skin aging. Simply put, aging is caused by internal biological factors, especially changes in hormones, and mechanical and environmental factors, such as expression lines and UV light. Read below to find out what skin changes are hormonal, internal based, and which are from the outside. It can make a big difference in how you approach your skin care through-out your life!
The following are related to hormone changes throughout the body, and can happen to woman starting as early as 30.
1. With each passing year the average moisture content of the stratum corneum (the outer most layer of the epidermis *see structure of skin below* ) is slightly decreased.
*Image credit: Medicinenet.com*
2. Hormonal changes bring about a decrease in sebum production, depriving the skin its natural moisture and protective mantle.
3. The epidermis thins out.
4. The dermal papilla, which is the anchor of the epidermis, flattens out, resulting in loose, tissue like texture.
5. Cell renewal rate slowdowns, making skin healing slower.
6. Circulation is impaired.
7. Desquamation (the natural shedding of dead skin cells) becomes uneven, affecting the evenness of skin tone.
8. The optical characteristics of the stratum corneum, its color and its translucency change, becoming more opaque and move from pink toward yellow and grey.
Some changes with the skin are the result of repeated environmental exposure or from the way you habitually use your facial muscles that increase over time. These include:
9. Drier environments result in drier skin, manifesting in fine lines.
10. Environmental exposure, gravity and changing metabolism impact the structural proteins making skin less elastic and less firm.
11. A lifetime of repeated movement results in “expression lines” around the eyes and mouth.
12. Exposure to UV light and free radicals accelerates signs of aging.
So what’s the bottom line and what can you do about these facts of life? The quick fix: Start using products that counteract hormonal changes by promoting collagen and elastin production, and be diligent about protecting your skin from the environment! But there's so much more...
Continue to read our blog as we’ll be sharing many more anti-aging tips to ensure beautiful, healthy skin for a lifetime!