Analyzing your skin can be difficult. Sometimes your skin may be dry, sometimes it may be oily, sometimes you may get breakouts – so what “skin type” best suits you? While the most effective way to get a real understanding of your skin is to visit a skin care professional, understanding each skin type better can help you narrow it down. In this blog we’re discussing the main skin types that can be used as a guide to help you get to know your skin better.
Normal Skin is free of blemishes that require extensive treatment and does not yet display advanced signs of skin aging such as wrinkling or sagging or extensive environmental damage such as hyperpigmentation. Normal skin will benefit from maintenance treatments that help the skin appear healthy and more youthful. Besides proper skin cleansing, at-home care can include the use of nourishing ingredients to sustain strength in the skin and provide antioxidant protection to maintain proper skin function in conjunction with regularly scheduled professional skin care treatments.
Dry Skin is usually the result of under-active sebaceous glands that produce oil which lubricates the skin. The skin appears coarse, tight, dull in color, and often with visible lines and wrinkles. It may also become dry from over exposure to sun and wind, harsh soaps, poor diet, lack of fluid intake, medication, and environmental factors and aging. Dry skin can be caused by genetic disposition or as a result of skin aging. As a person advances in years, the body’s renewal process slows down and cells are not replaced as quickly as before. Rich masks and creamy cleansers can be used, as well as a gentle form of exfoliation to remove the dry skin cells and prevent them from accumulating on the surface. Massage can be very effective in stimulating skin metabolism.
Dehydrated skin is different from dry skin, and may be present in all skin types, as it is usually the result of environmental or lifestyle factors. With this, skin may have a sufficient amount of oil but still feels tight and flaky due to a lack of water in the skin. Dehydrated skin is prone to fine lines and wrinkles. It will appear thin and may appear fine in texture but is actually coarse to the touch. Hydrating and nourishing products that deliver the highest amounts of moisture to the skin can be used. Superficial dehydration may lead to superficial lines on the skin’s surface which eventually will turn into deeper wrinkles. Massage with the use of serums is also going to be of benefit to this type of skin.
Oily Skin is caused by overactive sebaceous glands and is thicker in texture. The skin has enlarged pores that may be filled with oil and grimy build up from the environment as well as from the use of comedogenic makeup and products. Comedones and whiteheads are present. The skin is sallow in appearance and is more prone to blemishes because of its over lubrication with excessive oil, but is less prone to wrinkles and fine lines because the oil forms an acid mantle, helping to keep moisture within the skin from evaporating. Visiting an esthetician who can perform extractions properly can benefit oily skin to keep the pores free of dirt and sebum.
Acne Skin has many of the same characteristics as oily skin but the additional stimulus of hormones, stress, and other biological factors has caused the formation of compacted acne lesions. This is especially common in adolescents, but can manifest at any time in a person's life, particularly during perimenopause. The first signs of acne are usually seen during puberty where there is an increase in the hormone androgen, which stimulates the amount of oil produced by the sebaceous glands. Blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, and pustules are present and easily infected with bacteria. Skin care products for problem skin can help, including deep-pore cleansing masks, as well as regular visits to an esthetician who can perform extractions.
Combination Skin is characterized by larger pores and more oil production on the t-zone area (forehead, nose and chin) and small pore size with less oil production on the cheeks. This skin type can benefit from products that help to balance out the excess oil and bring moisture to dry areas.
The signs of aging can range from loss of elasticity to deep expression lines and hyperpigmentation. As skin ages, it undergoes biological changes due to reduction of estrogen, including reduction in collagen and elastin. External factors, such as diet, lifestyle and free radical exposure can also accelerate signs of aging. Skin can benefit greatly from an ongoing program of cosmetic products that help to reduce the appearance of the signs of aging.
Sensitive Skin readily reacts to a variety of factors such as specific chemicals; airborne debris and/or certain skin care ingredients resulting in skin that often appears blotchy, broken out or excessively dry. Dry patches and redness are often present with this type of skin. Skin can become red and warm to the touch easily.
*This blog is intended for informational purposes only. This blog does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Always seek the advice of your doctor or other health professional(s) with any questions you may have about a medical condition.